Vladimir Lenin, who became the undisputed leader of Russia with the October Revolution in 1917, was tried to be built as a cult leader with propaganda activities in the country. After
Lenin’s death, cult leadership propaganda was made for Joseph Stalin. In the Second World War, the Soviet Union used the cult of leadership of Lenin and Stalin who were built throughout the country to mobilize the Soviet people against the German Army. In this study, it was tried to determine how and in what way the cult of Lenin and Stalin leadership against the Nazi Germany was applied by the Soviet Union in World War II. For this purpose, the propaganda posters used by the Soviet propaganda in World War II as determined by the All World Wars site were examined using the semiotic analysis method in the qualitative research methods. The posters were analyzed in the light of the visual indicator, the descriptive indicator and the symbol which are the notions of the American Linguist Charles Sanders Peirce. At the end of the study, it was seen that Stalin’s leadership cult was attempted to be formed through the cult of leadership built on behalf of Lenin. Thus, with the cult of Stalin leadership built, the Soviet troops were unquestionably asked to implement Stalin’s orders.